The bed bug phenomenon is spreading in Italy and the rest of the world at an alarming rate and its expansion continues to follow the pattern of an outbreak. You can find them anywhere: the best shops, restaurants, fitness centers and hotels and in your home because their presence is not related to poor hygiene.
Bugs, bloodsucking parasites, have always been with us. At first, they were satisfied with mice or bats, but following the next 4,000 years have been men’ faithful bedfellows. Then something did change. From 1945 onwards there was the DDT boom and bugs were resized, and did disappear for good for almost 60 years; when the DDT was banned from the market due for its toxicity, bed bugs came relentlessly and progressively back.
If you know them, you can prevent from
Bed bugs could go unnoticed, due to their small size and a life spent away from our eyes.
At birth (neanic stage) they are tiny, measure about 1mm, and they are white, transparent and difficult to see. As they grow, they become flat with an oval shape body. When they reach the adult stage (up to 7mm) they become reddish brown in color.
Formidable hitchhikers, they hide inside things and get transported along long distances.
You will not easily see them because of their small size but also because they are hidden in their nests, away from the light.
The heat and the smell of the skin attract bugs and this is why the bed is their number one place.
Only when they grow in number they migrate to another destination to reproducing themselves and give life to a new infestation.
Follow the clues
Bed bugs leave unmistakable trail that certify their presence.
1. Fecal stains
When bed bugs take a blood meal, they defecate almost
Bed bug feces leave dark stains that look like a felt tip marker stain. The stain will often “bleed” into the fabric or can be found on your pillowcase, sheets or on mattress itself.
Feces serve as a guide for bugs to their prey: US. From the bug color excrement we can understand if the stain is recent because the feces fade with time.
2. The Exuvia
As baby bed bugs (nymphs) move toward adulthood, they shed their skin a total of 5 times.
Cast skins named Exuvia look like lighter colored empty bed bug shells or casings – which is basically what they are.
Different stages of growth are detectable by the exuvia size
Bed Bugs bites could often be confused to those of other insects.
They may sometimes appear in tight lines of multiple, small, red marks where multiple bed bugs have fed along an exposed area. Bed bug bites can cause itchiness or a slight burning sensation. The burning area then develops red bumps, known as papules or wheals (rash). In extreme cases, bites may swell dramatically or turn into blister-like skin inflammations.
A blood spot found on your bed sheets can make you think of bed bugs because after their blood meal bugs are bit clumsier. Bedbugs ingest blood up to 6 times their weight, which is why you may often find exaggerated blood signs.
Early detection is the best way to prevent bed bugs from spreading more.
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